Sounion (or Cape columns or Kavokolones) is called the cape located on the southern tip of Attica. The coast is rocky and steep. It rises almost vertically from the sea to a great height forming a small cove which is separated by a small canal from another eastern cove. Sounion is known for its geographic location but also for the ruins of the ancient temple of Poseidon located at it. In recent years, the surrounding area due to its environmental value, declared as a national park.
Aa a headland at the southern tip of Attica and an outstanding natural beauty place, Sounion was the ancient municipality which belonged to Leontida race. The archaeological findings confirm the inhabitation of Sounion region since the prehistoric times. The sanctuaries of Poseidon and Athena located at Sounion, was the most important of Attica. The edge of the cape – known from the tragic return of Theseus from the Minoan Crete – fortified by the Athenians to control more effectively the marine transportation of grain to Athens. Despite the archeological site, reference points in Sounio are the national park (with remarkable flora and fauna) and the sunset.
In the Attica region the climate is temperate, Mediterranean and generally mild most of the time. Despite its Mediterranean nature, the climate in this region has a big range of temperatures between summer and winter than in comparison to other regions of the country. It has an average annual temperature of 18.3 degrees Celsius. There are few times when the temperature exceeds 40 degrees. July is considered as the warmest month, while cooler is arguably January.
The ancient settlement of Sounion was the littoral settlement of the western bay, and the resident ‘Souniefs “belonged to the authority Leontida race and later in 200 BC in Attalida race. In 265 BC Patroclus, admiral of Ptolemy Lygidou built at the opposite islet, known as Patroclus, a strong fortress used by Antigonus Gonatas to undertake Sounion in 260 BC which later was given back to the Athenians by Aratus in 229 BC.
4 beaches, 2 organized, 2 free. They are small paradises of the Aegean.
The CULTURAL PARK is a green area of 25,000 square meters and is close to Athens.
Inside the park, the famous outdoor Greek Folklore Museum is located, which is shaped like a traditional village, at its square revives a picturesque market labs with all old professions.
Around the park, one meets vineyards winemaking rare units, olive groves and olive traditional export eredits, granary, threshing grounds, a water mill mansion, a vaulted wood oven, herb garden and many exhibits that highlight the cereals and bread production.
An experienced team of Instructors – Animators transfers knowledge with a variety of experiential education programs in topics: Herbs, Old Professions, Olive, Bread, Harvest and Old Children Games. The programs take place in the park areas, as well as at schools which students are unable to move.
At the same time, the Park’s activities are embracing a wider audience which is welcome every weekend to visit the site and take part in parallel activities, except the basic programs.
A harmonious sequence of forested hills and slopes with brushwood which ends to a rocky promontory on which is located the beautiful temple of Poseidon for many centuries. From north to south, on the southeastern edge of Attica, Sounion National Park is located which is the smallest park in Greece with a total area of 35,000 acres, of which only 7,500 acres are the core of the Park. It is located on the backbone of two small mountains, Kitsou and Michael, just through the coastline. Sounion, or Kavokolones, called the rocky and steep cape located on the southern tip of Attica, only a small part of the Park. A special feature of the area is the rich subsoil, with a number of minerals that reaches 300, proving that Laureotiki is one of the richest regions concerning the variety of rocks. At the center of the park is the famous “Egkeilon Chaos”, an impressive doline with a diameter of 120 meters. Although not as impressive in size and habitats, Sounion is one of the most interesting parks in Europe due to its variety of different attractions such as the geological value, the typical Mediterranean nature, the calm beaches with clear waters and the historical and archeological places.
By local bus, at stop “Onasseion” every two hours. The journey takes less than two hours (with stops). Last route from Sounion via seaside is at 18.30. Disembarkation stop “Planetarium” a few meters from the Netsorio.